Dating a russian man culture
Burial mounds are complex structures with internal chambers.
Within the burial chamber at the heart of the kurgan, elite individuals were buried with grave goods and sacrificial offerings, sometimes including horses and chariots.
The Kurgan hypothesis postulates that the Proto-Indo-Europeans were the bearers of the Kurgan culture of the Black Sea and the Caucasus and west of the Urals.
The hypothesis was introduced by Marija Gimbutas in 1956, combining kurgan archaeology with linguistics to locate the origins of the Proto-Indo-European (PIE)-speaking peoples.
Kurgans were used in the Ukrainian and Russian steppes, their use spreading with migration into eastern, central, and northern Europe in the 3rd millennium BC.
The monuments of these cultures coincide with Scythian-Saka-Siberian monuments.
In all periods, the development of the kurgan structure tradition in the various ethnocultural zones is revealed by common components or typical features in the construction of the monuments.
They include: Depending on the combination of these elements, each historical and cultural nomadic zone has certain architectural distinctions.
More elaborate than clan kurgans and containing grave goods, the elite examples have attracted the greatest attention and publicity.She tentatively named the culture "Kurgan" after their distinctive burial mounds and traced its diffusion into Europe.This hypothesis has had a significant impact on Indo-European studies.The modern Turkish word is kurgan, which means "fortress" or "burial mound".Following its use in Soviet archaeology, the word is now widely used for tumuli in the context of archaeology.